The Bolivia Cichlid, or Cichlasoma boliviense, is a species of freshwater fish that is native to the Amazon Basin in South America. It is an incredibly fascinating creature, with its vibrant colors and unique characteristics that make it one of the most beloved fish among aquarists. Not only do they possess a captivating appearance, but […]
[Ebook] 500 freshwater aquarium fish – Cichlids – Yellow-finned Xenotilapia (Xenotilapia flavipinnis)
This species is often available under the trade name Xenotilapia Boulengeri. Members of the genus prefer life close to the bottom, especially over sandy or muddy areas. They are active diggers, particularly at breeding time, and may be harassed by some of the more aggressive African Rift Lake cichlid species.
This is a large multicolored cichlid in which mature males develop a pronounced head (nuchal) hump; females possess a more modestly sized version. Spawning this species is not particularly difficult; obtaining a compatible pair is difficult. The usual advice given is to obtain about six juveniles and grow them on, allowing a natural pair to select themselves. Suitable alternative accommodations must, however, be found for the remaining unpaired fish as they are unlikely to be tolerated within the chosen pair’s territory.
The Black-belt Cichlid is an old favorite. It is easily distinguished by its prominent vertical central-body band, from which the common name derives. This band runs from the center of the dorsal fin right down to the belly, although its breadth and sharpness vary from specimen to specimen and according to the individual’s mood.
The last of the common names derives from the shape of this species’ body patch, which is dark and roughly triangular, with the triangle’s apex pointing toward the tail. The sharpness of the shape, as well as its “triangularity,” varies among individuals. In its native waters, the Uaru is generally regarded as a food fish. Juveniles look quite different than adults, exhibiting numerous light body spots.
The white spots referred to in the alternative common name of this popular species occur in juveniles, which carry the numerous spots on an almost black background body color. Adults—which are very differently colored to the juveniles—occur in a number of color forms, a reflection of the discontinuous distribution of the species in its natural habitat
When fully colored, mature males of this species are perhaps the most beautiful of all Thorichthys, though they lack the brilliant red of T. meeki. The body coloration is generally white or silvery gray, and males have a long hairlike extension at the end of their dorsal fins.
This species, beautifully marked in brown and yellow, is not a member of the zebra complex and is thus not included in the Pseudotropheus/ Maylandia/Metriaclima debate This relatively lart^e fish is well named because its vertical black-and-yellow bands resemble a bumblebee or a hornet—although adult dominant males ot the species often appear virtually black.
At the present time, all three scientific names above are in use for species that, like the impressive Aurora Cichlid, form part of the so-called zebra complex, which includes the Zebra Cichlid (Metriadima zebra) and Kennyi Mbuna (Pseudotropheus Iombardoi). Until the matter is resolved, and for some time to come, both the Aurora Cichlid and the other members of the complex will therefore continue to appear under a variety of names in aquarium literature.
This species is relatively easy to distinguish from other blue Rift Lake cichlid species by its two dark patches, one extending from the eye down to the throat area, and the other located on the “shoulder.” The males, which grow considerably larger than the females, are much more colorful, exhibiting a more intense blue coloration.