GROUPS OF CICHLIDS
African Cichlids Dwarf
African Cichlids Dwarf species of the genera Pelvicachromis, Nanochromis, Manochromis, Limbochromis (cave brooders), Anomalomis (open brooder) are West African forest analogues South American dwarfs, and require similar living conditions (and can share a tank), although in the wild Nanochromis is found in rocky habitats. Strong sexual dimorphism is again the norm, with females generally the smaller and more colourful, and often responsible for initiating courtship. Like their transatlantic cousins they are excellent community fishes, although they require slightly more territory per pair. Single pairs can be kept alone in 60 or 80 cm (24 or 30 in) tanks, except in the case of Nanochromis, where males are rather aggressive towards females except when breeding, so that two or three females per male and a 1 m (36 in) tank per group LS desirable.
Chromidotilapia are sexually dimorphic pair-bonding mouthbrooders, with either or both parents incubating depending on secies. Although they can grow 5 cm (6 in) they are rather peaceful and excellent munity fishes. They require the same conditions as dwarfs.
Steatocranus, Lamprologus (not to be confused with Lake Eanganyika species), and Teleogramma (rapids cichlids) are . cichlids (7.5-15 cm in rapids in the Zaire) River and its tributaries. Because of the nature of the habitat, little is known of natural behaviour; stomach contents indicate a diet of aquatic invertebrates. All are cave-brooding substrate spawners. Water should be fairly soft and slightly acid to neutral, with a temperature of 26-27°C (78-80°F). A high oxygen content is desirable, but not strong currents – remember these fishes prefer the calm spots in the torrent. Although wild individuals may be territorial towards conspecifics, and males hostile towards females, this aggression seems to abate naturally once they have become used to each other. If necessary, use a clear divider during their first months in captivity. Tank-bred specimens are more amenable to company from the outset. Several species, notably Steatocranus casuarius, have proved suitable for the general community. They do not harm plants, rarely dig, are peaceful towards non-cichlids, and breed readily even in hard alkaline water.