Three subspecies of P. philander are generally recognized, with two Pseudocrenilabrus philander dispersus and Pseudocrenilabrus philander philander – being more regularly available than the third, Pseudocrenilabrus philander luebberti. All require the same aquarium conditions, and all are well worth keeping. However, to avoid crossbreeding, the three subspecies should not be kept together.
Other common name
- Dwarf Copper Mouthbrooder
- Hemihaplochromis philander
- From southern Africa northward to Mozambique.
- Up to 4 1/4in (11cm).
- Territorial and aggressive, particularly toward its own kind during breeding, when burrowing activities increase.
- All foods accepted.
- Well planted, with sandy bottom, swimming areas, and adequate shelter (caves). Turbulent water conditions should be avoided. Floating plants recommended to provide subdued lighting conditions underwater. Water chemistry not critical as long as extremes are avoided. Temperature range: 68-79 F (20-26 C).
- Eggs are laid either in a depression dug by male or on a rock, and are picked up by female; female incubates eggs orally and subsequently protects the fry.