This exceptionally variable species is restricted to shallow, wave-washed habitats. Many morphs are available, both wild-caught and captive-bred ones. Males of the species have yellow egg-shaped markings on their anal fins, and females are marbled in color. Both have a distinctive snout, shaped like a fleshy growth above the mouth.
- Throughout Lake Malawi.
- Male, wild-caught specimens reported up to 7in (18cm), but usually smaller; females smaller.
- Males are territorial and aggressive toward both sexes, particularly other males.
- Wide range of foods accepted.
- Roomy, with numerous caves and shelters. Should be well lit. Robust plants may be added, as well as at least one flat-topped rock. Medium-hard, alkaline, well-filtered water important. Temperature range: 70-77 F (21-25 C); slightly higher for breeding.
- Eggs are laid on a flat surface or inside a cave and are incubated orally by female.