Cyprinodon was derived from the Greek words κυπρῖνος (kuprinos) meaning “carp” and ὀδούς (odous) meaning “tooth”. Meanwhile, julimes was named after the municipality of Julimes located in the Chihuahua state of northern Mexico, where this species is exclusively found.
This species is exclusively found in a single geothermal spring called ‘El Pandeño de los Pando’, situated in the middle Río Conchos Basin, Julimes municipality, located in the northern Mexican state of Chihuahua.
The surface area of El Pandeño de los Pando measures approximately 287 m², with depths ranging from 40-80 cm. Additionally, there is an abandoned artificial channel spanning roughly 437 m² in size. The water temperature in this geothermal spring fluctuates between 38-48°C/100.4-118.4°F, making it one of the hottest environments where fish reside in the world.
While a single pair of this species can be housed in an aquarium with base dimensions of 60 ∗ 30 cm or equivalent, it is preferable to maintain them as a group in a larger tank or container, as is the case with most members of the Cyprinodontidae family. A filter with a water flow between 4-5 times the volume of your aquarium is recommended. For a 54-liter volume, we suggest a suitable filter which can be found at this link. Alternatively, you can explore other highly recommended aquarium filters in your area at this link.
The aquarium setup for this species does not have to be overly complex, but it should have numerous broken lines-of-sight to provide sufficient hiding places. It is recommended to offer plenty of cover such as aquatic plants, wool mops, etc. If you decide to use filtration, it is advisable to opt for air-powered, sponge-type units as they won’t harm the eggs or fry. Lighting is not a significant factor, but it can be incorporated if you prefer, and it’s suggested to encourage the growth of filamentous algae, if possible.
In their natural habitat, this species has been observed to consume diatoms, cyanobacteria, and small invertebrates as a part of their diet.
Compared to its closest relatives, C. eximius and C. pachycephalus, this species can be distinguished by the following combination of characteristics, presented as proportions of standard length: a relatively large head, measuring 2.4 to 2.7 (2.6) times; dorsal-fin base length ranging from 4.7 to 6.1 (5.3); distance from the origin of the dorsal fin to the posterior of the anal-fin base measuring 2.6 to 3.1 (2.8); a short caudal peduncle, measuring 4.5 to 6.5 (5.4); and a distance between the origin of the anal fin and pelvic fin measuring 6.1 to 8 (6.9).
De la Maza-Benignos, M. and L. Vela-Valladores in: De la Maza Benignos, M. (ed.), 2009 – Chihuahua State: 185-187
Los Peces del Río Conchos.
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